NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area offers the best wildlife viewing in Africa. This wildlife hotspot is home to almost 30,000 animals, including the Big Five. The park is also known as the ‘Garden of Eden’, due to the abundance of wildlife, ever dancing clouds and beautiful colours of the landscape. Because of its natural beauty the Ngorongoro Crater is chosen as one of Africa’s Seven Natural Wonders.
The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest volcanic crater. More than 2,5 million years ago, Ngorongoro was a volcanic mountain, the size of Kilimanjaro, and one of the highest peaks of Africa. When its top collapsed it transformed into a gigantic inactive volcano. Today the crater forms a bowl of 20 kilometers (12,5 miles) wide with sides up to 600 metres (2,000 feet) deep. Enjoy the phenomenal views from the rim over the crater floor, before you drive in.
With enough meadow areas, water and different vegetation, the crater has everything African wildlife needs to exist and do well. The crater floor teems with Zebra, Buffalo, Elephant, Flamingo, Ostrich, Hippoand even the Rare Black Rhinos. This is one of the few areas in Africa where you can see the Big Five (buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion, and rhino) all together. Another big draw is the large number number of predators, which include lions, hyenas, jackals, cheetahs and leopards.
The park is a dynamic ecosystem with diverse vegetation. Woodland and forest covers the edges of the park, which merges into the wide grassy savannah of the crater floor. There are two forests in the psrk, named The Lerai forest and Laiyanai forest, which mainly consist of yellow fever trees. In the north is a also a shallow soda lake called Lake Magadi, which is 3,2 km (2 miles) wide. Finally, in the east you can see pods of hippos in the Gorigor Swamp and the Ngoitokitok Springs.